Dermatology Department.
The faculty of Medicine, University of Nigeria was established in 1967 and by the end of the Nigerian civil war; The University of Nigeria Medical School took off effectively in October 1970.

PROFILE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DERMATOLOGY,UNTH ITUKU-OZALLA,ENUGU
The faculty of Medicine, University of Nigeria was established in 1967 and by the end of the Nigerian civil war; The University of Nigeria Medical School took off effectively in October 1970.The sub-Department of Dermatology in college of Medicine was among the Departments that took off in 1970 and Dermatology became a full department in UNTH at the same time. The sub-Department was headed by Prof Okoro from 1970-1988 and he was later joined by Prof Egere.Other doctors in the department then included Dr Obiagboso,Dr Evi Okafor and Dr Mbagbaw.All these have left the Department except Dr Obiagboso who is a Medical Officer.
In 1992, Dr Ozor took over the headship of the Department in 1983 until 2004.During this period; five resident doctors passed through the Department and have become dermatologists, some working in teaching hospitals in different parts of Nigeria. Two PHD students were also supervised in sub-department at this time.Dr Nnoruka headed the department between 2004 and 2007.In 2005; the department became partially accredited by the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria to train Dermatologists. Also in 2005, Dr Onyekonwu successfully completed her residency training and has since been absorbed by the department as an honorary consultant in Dermatology.Dr Ozor became the head in 2006 and in 2009 National Postgraduate Medical College accorded the department full accreditation. West African college of Physicians accorded the department partial accreditation for 1 year in 2010.
Dermatology is a growing area of specialization in Nigeria.A lot of systematic disorders first present to the dermatologist with its cutaneous manifestation. In the developing world where health care is largely based on out-of-pocket payment, most people with skin problems do not present to the dermatologists until they are at their wits end.The mission of the department is to produce competent and efficient physicians using diverse effective teaching/learning methods and to teach doctors to recognize,understand,diagonise,manage and prevent dermatological disorders seen in Nigeria and other parts of the world, in a competent and professional manner.

DEPARTMENTAL PROGRAMMES
The Department of Dermatology is accredited by the National postgraduate medical college of Nigeria to train Residents who wish to specialize in dermatology leading to the conferment of the fellowship of the Medical College of Physicians [FMCP].
The residents in internal medicine also rotate through the Department on a 3 monthly basis.This are a pre-requisite for attempting the part 1 fellowship examination.
Other components of the programme:-

  1. Weekly clinical conference/mortality reviews are held in the Medicine department between 8.30 am-10.00am every Tuesday.
  2. Postgraduate seminar/journal club from 2:00pm-3:00pm on Tuesdays.

Clinical Services:-
The Department of Dermatology provides clinical services at the Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla.Other Specialized Services include:

  1. Cosmetic dermatology
  2. Albino Clinic
  3. Rheumatology Clinic
  4. Pediatric dermatology

These Services and procedures are to be found in the skin clinic of the hospital.
Bio-magnetic research began in the department in 1996.In 1997; a departmental laboratory was established essentially for research. In 1998, leprosy services were started in the skin clinic in collaboration with the Nigerian German Leprosy Relief Association. The departmental library was set up in 2005 and stocked books and journals relevant to the field of dermatology. Upon movement to Ituku, the departmental lecture hall was set up for teaching medical and nursing students who are on postings to the department. The department also has a dark room for clinical examination of patients using woods light.Recently,one resident dermatologist has partially completed his part 2 examination in dermatology and hopes to join the department fully in about six month’s time. One supernumerary dermatology resident is currently doing her part 2 training in the department.
Lectures/tutorial are given to undergraduate students in 400 levels. Nursing students from the school of nursing,UNTH and other nursing schools in south-Eastern religion of Nigeria also come on posting to the department. Laboratory demonstrations of basic investigations in dermatology practice for e.g. skin scrapings for KOH and mycological studies; ZN stain for M.Leprae, skin snip for O. volvulus, patch testing and other ancillary laboratory tests are done.
Undergraduate student’s assessment is a multiple choice examination usually done at the end of the posting. Dermatology essay and MCQ are also part of final MBBS.
In 1998, the department successfully hosted an update course in dermatology for resident doctors under the auspices of WACP.Between the 10th and 12th June, 2009.the department hosted the Nigerian Association of Dermatologists Annual General dermatologists in Nigeria in attendance.

RESEARCH:
The department is actively involved in skin cancer research, treatment and awareness campaign among albinos in the south eastern Nigeria. Investigative research in dermatology and venerelogy is presently going on in the department and the research is in the areas of STDs, HIV, skin cancer prevention and treatment in Albinos. Most of these researches are not funded and there is an urgent and pressing need for research grants for these Research interest areas.Albino health education and outreach programmes are also going on in the department. One of the consultants in the department is a resource person/consultant in the National Guinea worm/Onchocerciasis research programmes as well as International Onchocerciasis Programme (APOC).
Consultants and senior residents frequently attend national conferences and occasionally have the opportunity to attend international conferences.

 

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